There is a shameless affiliate link contained in this post.  Proceed with caution 😉  I also need to warn the reader this is an exceptionally long post, covering a key concept in scripture…

I have to admit, Vayikra was one of those books in the bible that I used to dread.  I have a lot of gratitude for my first Christian mentor, who cultivated a habit of weekly (aiming for daily) bible study in my youth.  So, about three years into my renewed walk with Yeshua (Jesus ~ and more on THAT story in a different post) I decided it would be a good idea to read the whole bible in one year.  This is a challenge that has blessed me each of the almost 6 times I have completed the task.

Not to detract from the point too much, but the last five or six years, I have kept up with the Torah portions each week alongside the Jewish people.  And still, I find when we open the book of Leviticus (Vayikra), something in me groans….at least at first.

This year, something changed.   Oh, pshaw, I am probably just maturing a bit…but seriously, there is something here, you can’t find anywhere else in all of scripture.

That something is this:  In most of scripture, there is much allegory and illustration, and prophecy about the Messiah.  In Leviticus, because he is our High Priest, we get first hand knowledge of what He is up to these days.

So, step inside the Mishkan if you will, and let’s check it out, together!

When we first enter the Outer Courts you will probably smell the distinct odor of the sacrifices.  This would be relatively smelly, (have you ever drove past a packing house?)…can you hear the goats, the cattle lowing, the sheep – too scared to speak- the rustle of sacrifices waiting to happen?

Maybe it smells more like a barbeque, with the salt and the flour and the spices?  And the yummy stacte, onycha, galbanum and frankincense (I have smelled three of these four ingredients in the “12 Oils of Scripture” Collection from Young Living, and one we aren’t sure if it is accurate…more on that in a later post, as well).  Frankincense is pleasantly grounding, and calming.  Maybe the incense table is out in the courtyard to help override the smell of all those animals?  Or maybe, as Michael Pollan suggests in his book “Ominvore’s Dilemma,” maybe Moses (by way of the revelation from G-d) was a microbiologist?  Maybe the incense was keeping all the bacteria, inherent to any butchering process, to a dull roar.

What I know is this:  my husband had an opportunity about 5 years ago to slaughter a lamb (which we then roasted for our Passover seder).  He said that it was a life changing experience, because, he had never connected the death of an animal to his own life before.  He actually placed his hand on the lamb’s head before it died.   And it looked him in the eyes.

I mean, really, in this day and age, we go to the supermarket to buy our already slaughtered meat in it’s attractive packaging.  We are far removed from the whole process of raising the meat from birth, naming it even, and then ending it’s life so we can have dinner.

If we “saw” the impact of our sin on the sacrifice, would it motivate us to sin less?  Or would it just make us feel ashamed?

And this is the message that has stood out to me while opening Vayikra this week.  It is the message of korbanot ~ the sacrifices.  I am still in a process of shedding my old, philosophical Greek mindset, and adopting a Hebraic mindset.  Paul says, in his letter to the Romans (who were adept at Greek Philosophy, right?) “And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of G-d.” (Chapter 12, verse 2)

Let’s see what the Hebrew has to show us:

The root of the word korbani/korbanot is H7126 qarav ~ to approach, to come near, to enter into, to draw near.

So, the sacrifices were designed to both “appease G-d’s wrath,” and a system of bringing us near to G-d, humbling ourselves so that He could be near us.


My good friend, Sarit Nachman, from Galilee, Israel, had this to say about it on March 16, 2016:  

Now where we can find this word at the Hebrew scriptures:

The most famous example which comes in mind is at Numbers 18:6

במדבר פרק יח:

ו וַאֲנִי, הִנֵּה לָקַחְתִּי אֶת-אֲחֵיכֶם הַלְוִיִּם, מִתּוֹךְ, בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל–לָכֶם מַתָּנָה נְתֻנִים, לַיהוָה, לַעֲבֹד, אֶת-עֲבֹדַת אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד.

Now on this verse two words are driven from the root letters Mem -Tav-Nun מ-ת–נ

מתנה- MATANA : which mean a gift

נתונים- Netunim: which means dwell into and another word for data, yet the meaning in context of the verse here is for the first meaning : dwelt into

See here is Adonai commanded to Moses after the great sin of the people of Israel with the golden calf, to “punish” Aharon here who built the golden calf, and his sons and his offspring for all generations, to be HIS PRIESTS and serve HIM in the holiness for all generations!

Yet, see the context here : the priesthood described here by ADONAI as two words which appear to contradict one another in human eyes: from one hand it’s described as gift and on the other, it’s described as work (the word AVODA עבודה see it here above at the verse copied from the Hebrew Bible).

What can we learn from it?

במדבר פרק יח

א וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה, אֶל-אַהֲרֹן, אַתָּה וּבָנֶיךָ וּבֵית-אָבִיךָ אִתָּךְ, תִּשְׂאוּ אֶת-עֲו‍ֹן הַמִּקְדָּשׁ; וְאַתָּה וּבָנֶיךָ אִתָּךְ, תִּשְׂאוּ אֶת-עֲו‍ֹן כְּהֻנַּתְכֶם.

On the very chapter, Numbers 18:1 at the Hebrew verse the word AVON עוון mentioned which mean in Hebrews Transgression.

There are three levels of sins in Torah by the degree of deed:

Avon עוון (misdemeanor) which is the lowest degree

Cheth חטא (sin) which is the middle degree

Pesha פשע (crime) which is the extreme degree

The types of sacrifices made by the priests were made accordingly to the commandments of Adonai on the book of Leviticus which is a manual for the levitical priests for handling the sacrifices according to the types of transgressions made by the people of Israel and if it’s a transgression with intent or not. There are transgressions with lesser punishment or more. All according to the true judgment by the priests who were not only the mediators between Adonai and ISRAEL HIS PEOPLE, but also were the judges according to HIS DECREE at the five books of Moses.

Also the usual sacrifices were made were for: the daily sacrifices קורבן תמיד which was made each day, twice a day, one at evening and one at the morning and in Hebrew named KORBAN HATAMID which means the everlasting sacrifice.

The first of each month sacrifice, which was made as the priest were given the report of the first moon by witnesses, the Shabbat sacrifices, and the 3 main feast sacrifices on Pesach(Passover), Shavuot (Pentecost) and Sukkot (tabernacle).

Can you Imagine the amount of sacrifices made the priest for all those events who are known as PUBLIC SACRIFICES and also the PRIVATE SACRIFICES as all kinds mentioned on the purity laws at the book of Leviticus and others? Their work עבודה AVODA was overwhelming. That’s why Adonai named it as WORK but on Numbers 18:6 mentioned here above it’s also named as MATANA for the priesthood was given from Adonai as a gift for Israel to be redeemed from all their sins/ crimes/transgressions, by their sacrifices who were given back to Adonai by the priests including the High Priest Cohen Hagadol Aharon.

Aharon was the one who sinned greatly by building the golden calf and he confessed to Adonai his guilt by his brother Moses, so after the pleading for mercy to Adonai by Moses not to wipe out HIS PEOPLE ISRAEL who fell at the great crime of the golden idol and Aharon among them, Adonai had made a decree for Aharon and his seed for all generations to bear the sin(Avon עוון as. mentioned here above on Numbers 18:1) of Aharon by serve Adonai in HIS HOLY TENT OF MEETING and both Temples afterwards and the Third Temple which will built by Messiah and in it sacrifices will be made by the priests from the seed of Aharon from the house of Tzadok.

(see on Ezekiel 43:19 and Ezekiel 48:11).

So the word MATANA מתנה comes also from the adjective NETINA נתינה in Hebrew which means GIVING. The bible is filled with hebrew words driven from the root letters Mem-Tav-Nun מ-ת-נ as: Vayiten ויתן (and he gave) / Natan (given)/etc.

The giving is a gift! The priesthood is a gift for bearing transgressions by sacrifices! Adonai as the compassionate and long suffering Living Eternal God made it possible for all who worship HIM In spirit and truth (John 4).

I am sensing that there is a connection here…G-d takes the leader of the sinners (in the Golden calf incident) and puts them in charge of the Mishkan and the korban!  Why?

One could say that it is like my grandmother used to say, “idle hands are the devil’s playground,” and Haha, she also used to say “many hands makes light work!”  So, the work of the sacrifices were redeeming the Levites time, and how they spent their days.  But we also see in the Hebrew that the work was a gift.  This gift brought the Levites near, near to G-d and near the people, thus drawing the people to G-d as well.

This is like, in today’s terms, the Head Boss of the Mafia becoming saved, and then leading all of his people into a lifestyle of prayer and sacrifice!  Wouldn’t that be something!

According to wikipedia this book of scripture was named Leviticus because it means “relating to the Levites.” (/lɪˈvɪtɪkəs/; from Greek Λευιτικόν, Leuitikon, meaning “relating to the Levites“)  I wish they had opted to name it korban because it shows us how to draw near to G-d.  This is just one more way, that our minds could be renewed…

Last year, during the cycle of Vayikra, my good friend, Izzy Avraham, from encouraged everyone to read this book imagining Yeshua as the High Priest in the story.  That suggestion has made a profound difference in my understanding, and I encourage you to do the same!  Happy Reading

~ Sashya

Any other nuggets about the sacrifices?  Leave a comment below!


2 thoughts on “Vayikra

  1. דברים פרק
    כי תבוא
    אֶל-הָאָרֶץ, אֲשֶׁר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ נֹתֵן לָךְ, וִירִשְׁתָּהּ, וְיָשַׁבְתָּה בָּהּ; וְאָמַרְתָּ, אָשִׂימָה עָלַי מֶלֶךְ, כְּכָל-הַגּוֹיִם, אֲשֶׁר סְבִיבֹתָי. טו שׂוֹם תָּשִׂים עָלֶיךָ מֶלֶךְ, אֲשֶׁר יִבְחַר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בּוֹ: מִקֶּרֶב אַחֶיךָ, תָּשִׂים עָלֶיךָ מֶלֶךְ–לֹא תוּכַל לָתֵת עָלֶיךָ אִישׁ נָכְרִי, אֲשֶׁר לֹא-אָחִיךָ הוּא. טז רַק, לֹא-יַרְבֶּה-לּוֹ סוּסִים, וְלֹא-יָשִׁיב אֶת-הָעָם מִצְרַיְמָה, לְמַעַן הַרְבּוֹת סוּס; וַיהוָה, אָמַר לָכֶם, לֹא תֹסִפוּן לָשׁוּב בַּדֶּרֶךְ הַזֶּה, עוֹד. יז וְלֹא יַרְבֶּה-לּוֹ נָשִׁים, וְלֹא יָסוּר לְבָבוֹ; וְכֶסֶף וְזָהָב, לֹא יַרְבֶּה-לּוֹ מְאֹד. יח וְהָיָה כְשִׁבְתּוֹ, עַל כִּסֵּא מַמְלַכְתּוֹ–וְכָתַב לוֹ אֶת-מִשְׁנֵה הַתּוֹרָה הַזֹּאת, עַל-סֵפֶר, מִלִּפְנֵי, הַכֹּהֲנִים הַלְוִיִּם. יט וְהָיְתָה עִמּוֹ, וְקָרָא בוֹ כָּל-יְמֵי חַיָּיו–לְמַעַן יִלְמַד, לְיִרְאָה אֶת-יְהוָה אֱלֹהָיו, לִשְׁמֹר אֶת-כָּל-דִּבְרֵי הַתּוֹרָה הַזֹּאת וְאֶת-הַחֻקִּים הָאֵלֶּה, לַעֲשֹׂתָם. כ לְבִלְתִּי רוּם-לְבָבוֹ מֵאֶחָיו, וּלְבִלְתִּי סוּר מִן-הַמִּצְוָה יָמִין וּשְׂמֹאול–לְמַעַן יַאֲרִיךְ יָמִים עַל-מַמְלַכְתּוֹ הוּא וּבָנָיו, בְּקֶרֶב יִשְׂרָאל

    Dear Sashya and all readers. The verses here above are from Detouronomy 17:14-20. It’s gives the instructions to a future King of Israel which rule at the end of days. It’s the main instructions for Yeshua to return as a future King Messiha of Israel. Where cones from the name Massiach משיח ( Messiah in Hebrew)?

    It comes from the Hebrew word to describes the adjective Meshicha משיחה which mean anointing. who were annoited among the leaders of Israel? Only the high priests and regular priests and the Kings. Why? The special pure holy oil to annoited them was made as same as the frukences for the golden altar, in seacret. No one realy knows the exact amount of each of the ingridiants to contain the KTORET BESAMIM
    (the mix of frugences to creats the perfumed inscents)קטורת בשמים

    Same as the SEHEMEN HAMISCHA שמן המשחה (the holy perfumed annoited oil) which it’s making was also in seacret for no one was allowed to wear it but only the priests and the Kings of Israel. If anyone would use it, he would be sentenced to death and be cut off at the ressurection. (see on Exodus 30:22-38).

    Note that both the frugences for the Inscents and the annoited oil were also made only for Adonai as sanctified oils.
    The oil which made for annoiting Aharon and his sons to eternal priesthood was also used for annoiting the holy vessels and the whole Tent of meeting by Moses.

    שמות פרק ל
    כב וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה, אֶל-מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר. כג וְאַתָּה קַח-לְךָ, בְּשָׂמִים רֹאשׁ, מָר-דְּרוֹר חֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת, וְקִנְּמָן-בֶּשֶׂם מַחֲצִיתוֹ חֲמִשִּׁים וּמָאתָיִם; וּקְנֵה-בֹשֶׂם, חֲמִשִּׁים וּמָאתָיִם. כד וְקִדָּה, חֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת בְּשֶׁקֶל הַקֹּדֶשׁ; וְשֶׁמֶן זַיִת, הִין. כה וְעָשִׂיתָ אֹתוֹ, שֶׁמֶן מִשְׁחַת-קֹדֶשׁ–רֹקַח מִרְקַחַת, מַעֲשֵׂה רֹקֵחַ; שֶׁמֶן מִשְׁחַת-קֹדֶשׁ, יִהְיֶה. כו וּמָשַׁחְתָּ בוֹ, אֶת-אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד, וְאֵת, אֲרוֹן הָעֵדֻת. כז וְאֶת-הַשֻּׁלְחָן, וְאֶת-כָּל-כֵּלָיו, וְאֶת-הַמְּנֹרָה, וְאֶת-כֵּלֶיהָ; וְאֵת, מִזְבַּח הַקְּטֹרֶת. כח וְאֶת-מִזְבַּח הָעֹלָה, וְאֶת-כָּל-כֵּלָיו; וְאֶת-הַכִּיֹּר, וְאֶת-כַּנּוֹ. כט וְקִדַּשְׁתָּ אֹתָם, וְהָיוּ קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים; כָּל-הַנֹּגֵעַ בָּהֶם, יִקְדָּשׁ. ל וְאֶת-אַהֲרֹן וְאֶת-בָּנָיו, תִּמְשָׁח; וְקִדַּשְׁתָּ אֹתָם, לְכַהֵן לִי. לא וְאֶל-בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, תְּדַבֵּר לֵאמֹר: שֶׁמֶן מִשְׁחַת-קֹדֶשׁ יִהְיֶה זֶה, לִי–לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם. לב עַל-בְּשַׂר אָדָם, לֹא יִיסָךְ, וּבְמַתְכֻּנְתּוֹ, לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ כָּמֹהוּ; קֹדֶשׁ הוּא, קֹדֶשׁ יִהְיֶה לָכֶם. לג אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר יִרְקַח כָּמֹהוּ, וַאֲשֶׁר יִתֵּן מִמֶּנּוּ עַל-זָר–וְנִכְרַת, מֵעַמָּיו.
    לד וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל-מֹשֶׁה קַח-לְךָ סַמִּים, נָטָף וּשְׁחֵלֶת וְחֶלְבְּנָה, סַמִּים, וּלְבֹנָה זַכָּה: בַּד בְּבַד, יִהְיֶה. לה וְעָשִׂיתָ אֹתָהּ קְטֹרֶת, רֹקַח מַעֲשֵׂה רוֹקֵחַ, מְמֻלָּח, טָהוֹר קֹדֶשׁ. לו וְשָׁחַקְתָּ מִמֶּנָּה, הָדֵק, וְנָתַתָּה מִמֶּנָּה לִפְנֵי הָעֵדֻת בְּאֹהֶל מוֹעֵד, אֲשֶׁר אִוָּעֵד לְךָ שָׁמָּה; קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים, תִּהְיֶה לָכֶם. לז וְהַקְּטֹרֶת, אֲשֶׁר תַּעֲשֶׂה–בְּמַתְכֻּנְתָּהּ, לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ לָכֶם; קֹדֶשׁ תִּהְיֶה לְךָ, לַיהוָה. לח אִישׁ
    אֲשֶׁר-יַעֲשֶׂה כָמוֹהָ, לְהָרִיחַ בָּהּ–וְנִכְרַת, מֵעַמָּיו.

    Now that it’s established that Yeshua as the future King of Israel will be annoited too by the holy oil by the High Priest (Kohen Hagadol כהן הגדול) we understand that there is an order at the Kingdom of Adonai. There are always there same as the ever: Kings, High Priest and regular priests from the seed of Aharon, and prophets. Each has its rols and duties and knowledge for their task to serve Adonai. One not replacing the other!!

    Therefore, it’s important to understand that Yeshua didn’t come to replace the duties of the High Priest from the line of Aharon. Only High Priest from the seed of Aharon is allowed to bring sacrifices and come into the holy of holies. Yeshua, is our TEMPORARY SACRIFE UNTIL THE LEVITICAL PRIESTHOOD WILL BE RESTORED!!

    Yeshua cannot be high priest when he will return for he is from the tribe of Yehuda and NOT Levi. He was born in Bet Lechem same as King David. He came as a Temporary sacrifice until he will return as a Victor and a Judge and King to rule over his people Israel as commanded on scripture here above in Deturonomy 17:14-20.

    The Levitcal priesthood on the Third Temple will be restablished as commanded on Ezekiel 40:46, 43:19, 44:15, 48:11.

    The High Priest than from House of Tzadok (one the descendeds of Aharon) will annoited Yeshua to Kingship as all Kings of Israel before him are annoited by the High Priest on their time. See example:
    The annoiting of King Solomon also by Tzadok (from the same future family of priests from the seed of Aharon), see on 1st Kings, 1:39

    מלכים א פרק א
    לט וַיִּקַּח צָדוֹק הַכֹּהֵן אֶת-קֶרֶן הַשֶּׁמֶן, מִן-הָאֹהֶל, וַיִּמְשַׁח, אֶת-שְׁלֹמֹה; וַיִּתְקְעוּ, בַּשּׁוֹפָר, וַיֹּאמְרוּ כָּל-הָעָם, יְחִי הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה.

    People need to understand that all has to play out as ordained by Adonai in HIS TORAH by Moses. Yeshua didn’t came to break it but to fullfil it to the latter

    “Do not think I came to abolish the Torah but to fullfil it. Heaven and earth will pass away but my words (HIS FATHER’S WORDS -THE TORAH) will not pass away!!” (Mat. 5)

    If you’ll read in Revelation you’ll find one on one as described on Ezekiel the fullfillnent of the Levitical priesthood. The 24 elders now down to the lamb are representing the 24 shifts of the priestly families from the seed of Aharon. As there were 24 shifts of priests who served on both Temples. Also the inscens on the golden altar at the phisical tent of meeting and both Temples and the Mishkan too are the prayers of those saints priests. Many other symbols from the priestly works are described at the book of Revelation as the golden Menorah, and other holy vessels.

    The holy works of priesthood never cancled. It’s only paused until rebuilding of the Temple. Yeshua taugh he can be all and do all and fill in all the roles as one, never came to disobey the will of HIS AND OUR FATHER BUT TO FULLFIL IT TO THE LATTER. do you remember him commanding the lepored man he healed to show himself before the priest and bring his sacrifice to Adonai by the priest as commanded on Leviticus 14.

    All as comnded by His FATHER!!!
    So therefore Yeshua cannot be High Priest! It’s not his duty or calling!


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